Modern Distributed Filesystems For Linux: An Introduction
What Are Distributed Filesystems?
The ability to share disks, directories, and files over a network is one of the most significant advances in modern computing, reducing local disk space requirements and making it easy for users to collaborate without ending up with hundreds of versions of the same files. Personal computers running Microsoft Windows and Apple's MacOS and Mac OS X inherently support sharing disks and directories with other systems of the same types. Linux and Unix systems traditionally use the NFS network filesystem in order to do the same sort of thing.
NFS is the best-known network file-sharing mechanism for Unix, Linux, and related operating systems because it is included in most Unix-like operating system distributions and is trivial to configure. NFS is supported in the Linux kernel and NFS-related utilities are provided with every Linux distribution. However, a number of more modern mechanisms for sharing files and directories over networks are available for today's Linux systems. Each of these can provide significant administrative and usability advantages for sites running Linux.
Distributed filesystems such as OpenAFS (http://www.openafs.org) are Open Source releases of distributed filesystems that have been in commercial use for over a decade (AFS). Support for network-oriented filesystems such as InterMezzo (http://www.inter-mezzo.org) and Coda (http://coda.cs.cmu.edu) is already integrated into later 2.4 Linux kernels. New, web-based file-sharing mechanisms such as WebDAV (http://www.webdav.org) are easily integrated into existing Web-oriented environments, and can be mounted as though they were filesystems. The expanding dependence on networking as a basic tenet of computing today will only help popularize these newer, more powerful file-sharing mechanisms.
This article provides an overview of the benefits of distributed filesystems, discusses the most significant administrative issues in deploying and using distributed filesystems, and introduces the most interesting new distributed filesystems available for Linux today. Subsequent articles in this series will provide hands-on guidance for installing, configuring, and experimenting with some of the more interesting and useful of these networked filesharing mechanisms.
Solid state disks (SSDs) made a splash in consumer technology, and now the technology has its eyes on the enterprise storage market. Download this eBook to see what SSDs can do for your infrastructure and review the pros and cons of this potentially game-changing storage technology.
- 1Linux Top 3: RHEL 6.7, BackBox Linux 4.3 and RoboLinux 8.1
- 2Linux Top 3: SLES 11 SP4, Chromixium OS 1.5 and Canonical Licensing
- 3Linux Top 3: VirtualBox 5, Point Linux 3.0 and OpenSUSE Leap 42.x
- 4Linux Top 3: Linux 4.2 rc1, 4MLinux 13 and antiX15
- 5Linux Top 3: Linux Mint Rafaela, OpenMandriva Lx 2014.2 and VectorLinux 7.1