February 23, 2019

The Penguin's Practical Network Troubleshooting Guide

Three Essential Linux Networking Applications

  • December 15, 2008
  • By Carla Schroder

LinuxPlanet Classics: Whether you're trying to debug your own network, or persuade your service provider that yes, the problem really is theirs, Linux has all the tools you need to hunt down and pinpoint network problems.

Linux has everything you need to do any kind of networking, plus it has eleventy-eight hundred different software utilities for network monitoring and troubleshooting. Today we'll learn how to pinpoint connectivity problems and how to map your network and all running services. This is handy not only for keeping tabs on everyday activities, but also to catch users running illicit hosts and services.

There are so many different software utilities it's easy to get lost and not know what to use, and there is a lot of overlap in functionality. So we're going to focus on ping, tcptraceroute, and nmap. Doubtless someone will tell you their own favorite way of doing things that is different from yours, and it is always good to know these things, but it doesn't mean they are superior. Just different.

Take care to not be abusive with network testing software. Use ping and tcptraceroute judiciously, and be very careful with nmap, because most admins consider nmap scans to be hostile acts. Unless you have a good reason and permission, never run nmap on any network but your own.


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