Linux Top 3: OpenIndiana 2016.04, Ubuntu 16.04 and Debian's New Leader
1) Ubuntu 16.04
This week marked the debut of the Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus Linux distribution on which so many other others are now based as well. The core 16.04 release uses Canonical Unity desktop environment, but there are also GNOME, MATE, KDE, xFCE and LXDE derivatives that all launched last week as well.
The official release notes provide lots of color into what's new in Ubuntu 16.04.
Linux kernel 4.4
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS is based on the long-term supported Linux release series 4.4.
Python2 is not installed anymore by default on the server, cloud and the touch images, long live Python3! Python3 itself has been upgraded to the 3.5 series.
If you have your own programs based on Python 2, fear not! Python 2 will continue to be available (as the python package) for the foreseeable future. However, to best support future versions of Ubuntu you should consider porting your code to Python 3. Python/3 has some advice and resources on this.
VIM defaults to python3
The default VIM package has been built against python3 instead of python2. This means plugins that require a python2 interpreter support from VIM will not work anymore. For this case alternative VIM packages are available that still use python2, for example vim-gnome-py2. They can be made the default via the alternatives mechanism:
sudo update-alternatives --set vim /usr/bin/vim.gnome-py2
The golang toolchain was upgraded to the 1.6 series, and gccgo was upgraded to the GCC 6.1 release candidate 1. Thus the same level of standard library and compiler features are provided by both compilers on all fully supported architectures.
2) OpenIndiana Hipster 2016.04
The first milestone update of what's left from the OpenSolaris open-source Solaris effort, debuted last week, codenamed 'Hipster'.
As it's the first ISO update in more than 18 months, asking what's new is a long answer. The short answer though is - all the major packages are updated.
3) Debian Gets a New Leader
The Debian Project Leader (DPL) is a special post, managing the development that is Debian. It's also the most democratic of all open-source leadership positions, as Debian developers vote to choose the DPL.
The new DPL is Mehdi Dogguy, who succeeds Neil McGovern.
" Of a total of 1023 developers, 282 developers voted using the Condorcet method."
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at LinuxPlanet and InternetNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @TechJournalist